I've been recently following the case of the Rutgers student who committed suicide last week after videos showing him engaging in a homosexual encounter were posted on the Internet by his roommate and another student. Of course, the case raises many issues about cyberbullying and invasions of privacy. But what particularly interests me - and others may be able to illuminate the law on this - is that New Jersey appears to have very strong privacy laws and hate crime laws which enable state prosecution based on both the invasion of the student's privacy and the fact that the conduct may have been motivated by animus against homosexuals. According to the MSNBC coverage, the hate crime laws come into play at the time of sentencing, rather than as a separate cause of action, to raise the penalty for the criminal conduct under the privacy laws. This would seem to make the laws easier to enforce than in some other states (and at the federal level) where many hate crime laws require proof of an intent by the perpetrator to cause harm to the victim. I'm also under the impression than many existing harassment and bullying laws also require a credible threat of immediate harm to the victim. Thus, New Jersey's approach seems to be particularly stong in comparison. Does anyone know anything about the history of the New Jersey criminal laws on privacy and hate crime and why they seem to be different to the laws in many other states, assuming I'm correct about that?